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ÞæÇÚÏ ÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ (ááãÈÊÏÆíä)

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  • ÞæÇÚÏ ÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ (ááãÈÊÏÆíä)

    ÈÓã Çááå ÇáÑÍãä ÇáÑÍíã
    ÞæÇÚÏ ÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ

    áßí äÊÍÏË ÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ ÈØÑíÞÉ ÓáíãÉ íÌÈ Ãä äÊÈÚ ÇáÞæÇÚÏ ÇáÕÍíÍÉ ááÍÏíË¡ æÝíãÇ íáí Ãåã åÐå ÇáÞæÇÚÏ:-

    1- (a, an) : ÊÓÈÞ ÇáÇÓã ÇáãÝÑÏ ÇáãÚÏæÏ:
    • ãÇ åæ ÇáÇÓã ÇáãÚÏæÏ: åæ ÇáÇÓã ÇáÐí íÔíÑ Åáì ÚÏÏ íãßä ÍÕÑå ãËá æÇÍÏ Ãæ ÇËäÇä¡ ÝÇáÇÓã (ßÊÇÈ) ãÚÏæÏ¡ æÇáÇÓã (ßÑÉ) ãÚÏæÏ¡ æÇáÇÓã (ÊÝÇÍÉ) ãÚÏæÏ¡ Ýí Ííä Ãä ÇáÇÓã (ãÇÁ) ÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏ¡ ßãÇ åæ ÇáÍÇá ááÇÓã (ÍáíÈ) Ýåæ ÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏ
    • ãÇ åæ ÇáÇÓã ÇáãÚáæá: åæ ÇáÇÓã ÇáÐí íÈÏà ÈÍÑÝ ÚáÉ¡
    æÃÍÑÝ ÇáÚáÉ åí (a, i, e, o ,u) æÊÓãì ÃíÖÇð ÈÇáÍÑæÝ ÇáãÊÍÑßÉ¡
    ãËá ßáãÉ (apple)¡æßáãÉ (orange)

    • ÐßÑ ÇáÇÓã ÇáãÝÑÏ æÇáÌãÚ: ÚäÏãÇ äÊÍÏË æäÐßÑ ÇÓãÇ ãÝÑÏÇ ãËá (æáÏ¡ boy)¡ íÌÈ Ãä äÓÈÞ åÐÇ ÇáÇÓã ÈÜ (a) ÝäÞæá (a boy) æáÇ äÞæá (boy)¡
    ÃãÇ ÅÐÇ ÃÑÏäÇ Ãä äÞæá (ÃæáÇÏ¡ boys)¡ ÝäÞæá (boys) ãÈÇÔÑÉ æãä ÇáÎØà Ãä äÞæá (a boys)¡ Ãí Ãä ÍÑÝ (a) ÞÈá ÇáÇÓã íÚØí ÏáÇáÉ Úáì Ãä åÐÇ ÇáÇÓã ãÝÑÏÇ¡ æÚáíå ÝÅä (a hair) ÊÚäí ÔÚÑÉ æÇÍÏÉ Ýí Ííä Ãä (hair) ÊÚäí ßá ÇáÔÚÑ.

    • ÐßÑ ÇáÇÓã ÇáãÚÏæÏ æÇáÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏ: ÚäÏãÇ äÊÍÏË æäÐßÑ ÇÓãÇ ãÚÏæÏÇ ãËá (car) íÌÈ Ãä äÓÈÞ åÐÇ ÇáÇÓã ÈÜ (a) ÝäÞæá (a car)¡ æáßä ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÐßÑ ÇÓãÇ áÔíÁ ÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏ ãËá (ãÇÁ¡ water) ÝíÌÈ Ãä äÞæá (water) ÍíË áÇ ÝÑÞ Èíä (ãÇÁ Þáíá) æ (ãÇÁ ßËíÑ).
    • ÃÓãÇÁ ÇáÃÚáÇã: ÚäÏãÇ äßÊÈ ÇÓã Úáã (ÃÓã ÅäÓÇä)¡ íÌÈ Ãä íßæä ÇáÍÑÝ ÇáÃæá Ýí ÇáÇÓã ÍÑÝ ßÈíÑ (capital litter)
    ãËá (Paul, Mimi, John, Mary) æÛíÑåÇ.

    • ÇáÃáæÇä: ÊÚÊÈÑ ÇáÃáæÇä ÃÓãÇÁ ÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏÉ¡ Ãí Ãä ÇáÃáæÇä áÇ ÊÓÈÞ ÈÜ (a, an)¡ æÇáÃáæÇä ÇáÊí ÓäÊÚáãåÇ åäÇ åí:- ÃÕÝÑ : yellow¡ ÃÎÖÑ : green¡ ÃÈíÖ : white¡ ÃÍãÑ : red¡ ÃÒÑÞ : blue¡ ÃÓæÏ : black¡ Èäí : brown.
    • ÎáÇÕÉ: ßá ÃÓã ãÝÑÏ ãÚÏæÏ íÌÈ Ãä íÓÈÞ ÈÜ (a) Ãæ ÈÜ (an)¡ æäÓÊÎÏã (an) ÞÈá ÇáÃÓãÇÁ ÇáãÚáæáÉ¡ ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ßÊÇÈ) ÝÅääí ÃÞæá (a book) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÈÑÊÞÇáÉ) ÝÅääí ÃÞæá (an orange)¡ æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÕäÏæÞ) ÃÞæá (a box) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÏÑÌ) ÃÞæá (a desk) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÊÝÇÍÉ) ÃÞæá (an apple) æåßÐÇ.
    ÃãÇ ÇáÃÓãÇÁ ÇáÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏÉ¡ Ãæ ÇáÃÓãÇÁ ÇáÌãÚ¡ ÝäÐßÑåÇ áæÍÏåÇ ÈÏæä Ãä äÓÈÞåÇ ÈÜ (a) Ãæ ÈÜ (an) ÝãËáÇ äÞæá (water) æäÞæá (milk) æäÞæá (chalk) æäÞæá (bread). æÚáíäÇ Ãä äÊÐßÑ ÏÇÆãÇ Ãä ÃÓãÇÁ ÇáÃÔÎÇÕ åí ÃÓãÇÁ ÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏÉ ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÞæá (ÃäÇ Èæá) ÃÞæá (I am Paul) æáÇ ÃÞæá (I am a Paul). æãä Çáãåã Ãä äÚÑÝ Ãä ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÈÏà ÃÓãÇÁ ÇáÃÔÎÇÕ ÈÍÑÝ ßÈíÑ¡ ßãÇ Ãääí ÃÞæã ÈÈÏÁ ßá ÌãáÉ ÈÍÑÝ ßÈíÑ¡ æáÇ ääÓì Ãä ääåí ßá ÌãáÉ ÈäÞØÉ¡ æÚäÏ ÇáÍÇÌÉ äÓÊÎÏã ÝÇÕáÉ ááÏáÇáÉ Úáì æÌæÏ æÞÝÉ ÕÛíÑÉ Ýí ÇáßáÇã. æÇáÃáæÇä ÌãíÚåÇ ÊÚÊÈÑ ÛíÑ ãÚÏæÏÉ ÚäÏ ÇÓÊÎÏÇãåÇ áæÍÏåÇ¡ ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá ÃÈíÖ ÃÞæá (white)
    æáÇ ÃÞæá (a white)¡
    æáßä ÅÐÇ ßÇä Çááæä ÚÈÇÑÉ Úä ÕÝÉ áÃÓã ÂÎÑ¡
    ÝÅä Çááæä íÕÈÍ ãÚÏæÏÇð ßÃä ÃÞæá (a black board)
    Ãæ a white milk


    2- ÇáÊÍÏË Úä ÔíÁ (Åäå…) : ÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÐßÑ ÇÓã ãÚíä æÃäÇ áÇ ÃÔíÑ Åáíå¡ Èá ÃÊÍÏË Úäå¡ ßÃä ÃÞæá (Åäå ßÊÇÈ)¡ Úáíø Ãä ÇÓÊÎÏã (It is) æÇáÊí ÊÚäí (Åäå) ÝÃÞæá (It is a book.) áÇÍÙ Åäå Úáíø Ãä ÇÓÈÞ ÇáÇÓã ÈÜ (a) Ãæ ÈÜ (an) æÈÍÓÈ ÇáÞÇÚÏÉ ÇáÓÇÈÞÉ. æ (It is) ÊÓÊÎÏã ááÌãÇÏ æÇáÍíæÇä æáÇ ÊÓÊÎÏã ááÅäÓÇä.
    ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÅäåÇ ÓíÇÑÉ.) ÃÞæá (It is a car.) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (Åäå ßáÈ.) ÃÞæá (It is a dog.) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÅäåÇ ãÙáÉ.)
    ÃÞæá (It is an umbrella.) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (Åäå ãÇÁ)
    ÃÞæá (It is water.) æåßÐÇ.


    3- ÊÚÑíÝ ÇáÔíÁ ÈÜ (Çá ÇáÊÚÑíÝ) Ãæ ÊÎÕíÕå ÈÖãíÑ : íãßä ÇÓÊÎÏÇã the áÊÚÑíÝ ÔíÁ¡ æÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ ÊÚÑíÝ ÔíÁ äÞæã ÈÅÈÏÇá a) Ãæan) ÈÜ (the) ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÞæá This is a book ÃÚäí (åÐÇ ßÊÇÈ) Ãí ßÊÇÈ¡ æáßä ÚäÏãÇ ÃÈÏá (a) ÈÜ (the) ÝÅä ÇáÌãáÉ ÊÕÈÍ (This is the book) æÊÚäí (åÐÇ åæ ÇáßÊÇÈ)¡
    Ãí ÇáßÊÇÈ ÇáãÍÏÏ æÇáãÚÑæÝ áäÇ.
    ßãÇ æíãßä ÊÛííÑ (a) Ãæ (an) ææÖÚ my áÊÚäí ÎÇÕÊí Ãæ your áÊÚäí ÎÇÕÊß Ãæ his áÊÚäí ÎÇÕÊå Ãæ her áÊÚäí ÎÇÕÊåÇ).
    ÝÃÞæá ãËáÇð (åÐÇ ßÊÇÈí – This is my book)
    Ãæ (åÐÇ ßÊÇÈß – This is your book)
    Ãæ (åÐÇ ßÊÇÈå – This is his book)
    Ãæ (åÐÇ ßÊÇÈåÇ – This is her book).


    4- ÇáÌÇÑ æÇáãÌÑæÑ : ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÈíä ãÇåíÉ ÔíÁ äÊÍÏË Úäå¡ ÝÃääÇ äÑÈØå ÈßáãÉ ÃÎÑì ÊÈíäå ßÃä äÞæá (ßÊÇÈ ÞÕÕ) Ãí Ãä ÇáÍÏíË Úä (ßÊÇÈ) æåÐÇ ÇáßÊÇÈ íÍÊæí Úáì (ÞÕÕ)¡ æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÍæá åÐÇ ÇáæÕÝ ááÅäÌáíÒíÉ Úáíø Ãä ÇÞáÈ ÇáßáãÊíä ÈÚÖåãÇ ÈÈÚÖ ÝÃÞæá (story book)¡
    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ßÊÇÈ ÕæÑ) ÃÞæá (picture book) æåßÐÇ.


    5- ÇáãÝÑÏ æÇáÌãÚ : ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÌãÚ ÇÓã ÈÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ¡
    äÞæã ÈÅÖÇÝÉ ÍÑÝ (s) Ýí äåÇíÉ ÇáÇÓã¡ ÝãËáÇ (ßÊÇÈ – book)
    æáßä (ßÊÈ – books)¡ æåßÐÇ.


    6- ÇáÊÍÏË Úä ÇáÐÇÊ : ÚäÏãÇ íÑíÏ ÔÎÕ ÓæÇÁð ßÇä ãÐßÑÇ Ãæ ãÄäË¡ ÇáÊÚÑíÝ Úáì äÝÓå¡ íÌÈ Ãä íÈÏà ÈÜ (I am) Åí (ÃäÇ)¡ Ëã íÊÈÚåÇ ÈÇÓãå¡ æáÇ ääÓì Ãä ÇáÇÓã áÇ íÊã ÓÈÞå ÈÜ (a, an) ßÃä íÞæá ( I am Paul.) Ãæ (I am Mimi.)
    Ãæ (I am John.) Ãæ (I am Mary.)
    æÝí ÍÇáÉ Ãä ÇáãÊÍÏË íÑíÏ Ãä íÑÈØ äÝÓå ÈÇÓã ÂÎÑ¡ ÝÅä Úáíå Ãä íÑÇÚí Ãä íÓÈÞ åÐÇ ÇáÇÓã ÈÜ (a, an)
    ßÃä íÞæá (I am a boy.)
    Ãæ I am a girl


    7- ÇáÊÍÏË ãÚ ÔÎÕ ãÞÇÈá : ÚäÏãÇ íÑíÏ ÔÎÕ Ãä íÎÇØÈ ÂÎÑ æåæ íÔíÑ áå¡ ÓæÇÁð ÃßÇä ÐßÑÇð Ãæ ÃäËì¡ ÝÅäå íÈÏà ÇáÍÏíË ÈÜ (You Are …) Ãí (ÃäÊ ….)
    Ëã íÐßÑ ÇÓã åÐÇ ÇáãÎÇØÈ¡ Ãæ íÐßÑ ÇÓãÇ ÈÏíáÇð íÔíÑ Åáì åÐÇ ÇáãÎÇØÈ¡
    æíÌÈ Ãä áÇ ääÓì Ãä ÇÓã ÇáÔÎÕ áÇ íÊÈÚ ÈÜ (a, an)
    Ýí Ííä Ãä ÇáÇÓã ÇáÐí íÔíÑ Åáì Ðáß ÇáÔÎÕ ÝíÌÈ Ãä íÊÈÚ ÈÜ (a, an)
    ÝäÞæá ãËáÇð : (You are Mimi.)
    Ãæ (You Are Paul.)
    Ãæ (You are a girl.)
    Ãæ (You are a boy.) æåßÐÇ.


    8- ÇáÅÔÇÑÉ Åáì ÔÎÕ ãÇ : ÚäÏãÇ äÔíÑ Åáì ÔÎÕ ãÇ æäÎÇØÈ ÂÎÑ Úäå¡ ÝÅääÇ äÓÊÎÏã (This is) Ãí (åÐÇ)¡ æÏÇÆãÇ íÌÈ Ãä áÇ ääÓì Ãä ÇáÃÓãÇÁ áÇ ÊÓÈÞ ÈÜ (a, an)¡ ßÃä äÞæá (åÐÇ Èæá) – (This is Paul.) Ãæ (åÐå ãíãí.) – (This is Mimi.) Ãæ Ãä äÞæá (åÐÇ Ìæä.) – (This is John.)
    Ãæ (åÐå ãÇÑí.) – (This is Mary).
    ßãÇ æíÌÈ Ãä äÊÐßÑ Ãäå ÚäÏãÇ äÊÍÏË Úä ÔÎÕ æäÑÈØ åÐÇ ÇáÔÎÕ ÈÇÓã ÂÎÑ¡ ÝÅä ÚáíäÇ ãÑÇÚÇÉ Ãä íÓÈÞ åÐÇ ÇáÇÓã ÇáÂÎÑ (a, an) ÇáãäÇÓÈÉ¡
    ßÃä äÞæá (åÐÇ ÑÌá.) – (This is a man.).


    æÈÇáÅãßÇä ÇáÅÔÇÑÉ ÈäÝÓ ÇáÃÓáæÈ Åáì ÇáÃÔíÇÁ æáíÓ ÝÞØ Åáì ÇáÃÔÎÇÕ¡
    ßÃä äÞæá (åÐÇ ÈíÊ.) – (This is a house.)
    Ãæ (åÐå ÏÌÇÌÉ.) – (This is a hen.) æåßÐÇ.


    9- ÇáÊÍÏË Úä ÔÎÕ ÈÏæä ÇáÅÔÇÑÉ áå : ÚäÏãÇ íÊÍÏË ÔÎÕ ãÚ ÔÎÕ ËÇäí Úä ÔÎÕ ËÇáË¡ ÝÅä Úáíå Ãä íÈÏà ÈÜ (åæ…) – (He is…) Ãæ ÈÜ (åí…) – (She is…)¡ ÝäÞæá ãËáÇð : (åæ æáÏ) – (He is a boy)
    Ãæ (åí ÈäÊ) – (She is a girl)
    Ãæ (åæ ãÏÑÓ) – (He is a teacher)
    Ãæ (åí ãõÏÑÓÉ) – (She is a teacher)
    Ãæ (åí ÇãÑÃÉ) – (She is a woman)
    Ãæ (åæ Èæá) – (He is Paul) æåßÐÇ.


    10- ÇáÊÍÏË Úä ãÌãæÚÉ ãä ÇáÃÔÎÇÕ : ÚäÏãÇ äÊÍÏË Úä ãÌãæÚÉ ãä ÇáÃÔÎÇÕ (åã)¡ ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (They are…)¡ æáÇ ääÓì Ãä ÇáßáãÉ ÇáÊí ÓÊÃÊí ÈÚÏåÇ íÌÈ Ãä ÊÔíÑ Åáì (ÌãÚ) æáíÓ (ãÝÑÏ)
    ÝäÞæá ãËáÇ (Åäåã ÃæáÇÏ – They are boys)¡ æåßÐÇ¡
    áÇÍÙ åäÇ Ãä ßáãÉ ÃæáÇÏ ÌãÚ æáíÓÊ ãÝÑÏÉ¡ áÐáß áã äÓÈÞåÇ ÈÜ a¡ áÃä a æ an ÊÓÈÞ ÇáÃÓãÇÁ ÇáãÝÑÏÉ.


    11- ÑÈØ ÌãáÊíä ãÚ ÈÚÖåãÇ ÇáÈÚÖ : ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÑÈØ ÌãáÊíä ÈÚÖåãÇ ÈÈÚÖ¡ ÚáíäÇ ÇÓÊÎÏÇã (æÇæ ÇáÚØÝ) áÑÈØ åÇÊíä ÇáÌãáÊíä Ãæ (and)¡ æÚáíäÇ Ãä äÑÇÚí Ãä Êßæä ßá ÌãáÉ ÕÍíÍÉ ÈÍÏ ÐÇÊåÇ¡ ãä ÃÌá Ãä Êßæä ÇáÌãáÉ ÇáßáíÉ ÕÍíÍÉ. ÝÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÞæá ãËáÇ: (åÐå ÞØÉ æåÐÇ ßáÈ) ÝÃääÇ äÞæá
    This is a cat and this is a dog


    12- ÎÇÕÊí : ÚäÏãÇ ÊÑíÏ Ãä ÊÞæá ÈÃä ÔíÁ ãÇ åæ ÎÇÕ Èß Ãæ ÌÒÁÇ ãäß Ãæ Ãäå áß¡ ÈÛÖ ÇáäÙÑ ÐßÑÇð ßäÊ Ãæ ÃäËì¡ ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã (ÎÇÕÊí) Ãæ (My…)¡ æåÐå ÇáßáãÉ áÇ íßÊãá ãÚäÇåÇ ÅáÇ ÈãÕÇÍÈÊåÇ áßáãÉ ÃÎÑì¡ æåí ÊÚÈÑ Úä ãáßíÊí ááÔÆ æáÇÈÏ Ãä íÃÊí ÈÚÏåÇ ÇÓã áÔÆ Ããáßå Ãæ ÅäÓÇä íÎÕäí ÝÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÞæá (ÔÚÑí) ÝÅääÇ äÞæá (my hair)¡ æÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÞæá (ÅÕÈÚí) äÞæá (my finger) æÈåÐÇ ÊÚÈÑ åÇÊíä ÇáßáãÊíä Úä ÔíÁ æÇÍÏ (Ãí ãËá ßáãÉ æÇÍÏÉ). ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá Úáì ÓÈíá ÇáãËÇá (åÐÇ ÅÕÈÚí) ÝÅääí ÃÞæá (This is my finger.) æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÇÓãí ÎÇáÏ) ÝÅääí ÃÞæá
    My name is Khaled

    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá æÇáÏí ÝÅääí ÃÞæá(MY FATHER
    13- ÎÇÕÊß : ÚäÏãÇ íÊÎÇØÈ ÔÎÕÇä¡ æíÑíÏ ÃÍÏåãÇ Ãä íÊÍÏË Úä ÔíÁ ÎÇÕ ÈÇáØÑÝ ÇáÃÎÑ ÝÅä Úáíå Ãä íÓÊÎÏã (ÎÇÕÊß….) Çæ ãáßíÊß Ãæ (your) æåÐå ÇáßáãÉ íÌÈ Ãä ÊÑÊÈØ ÈßáãÉ ÃÎÑì áíßÊãá ãÚäÇåÇ¡ ßÇä äÞæá (ßÑÓíß) – (your chair) Ãæ (ãÙáÊß) – (your umbrella)¡
    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (åÐÇ ÍÐÇÆß) ÝÃä Úáí Ãä ÃÞæá This is your shoe


    14- ÎÇÕÊå : ÚäÏãÇ íÊÍÏË ÔÎÕÇä¡ Úä ÔíÁ íÎÕ ØÑÝ ËÇáË (ãÐßÑ) ÝÅä Úáì ÇáãÊÍÏË Ãä íÓÊÎÏã (ÎÇÕÊå….) Ãæ ãáßíÊå Ãæ (his…)¡ æåÐå ÇáßáãÉ íÌÈ Ãä ÊÑÊÈØ ÈßáãÉ ÃÎÑì áíßÊãá ãÚäÇåÇ¡ ßÃä äÞæáå (ØÇÆÑÊå) – (his kite)¡ Ãæ Ãä äÞæá (ÃÈæå) – (his father) Ãæ (Ããå) – his mother

    15- ÎÇÕÊåÇ: ÚäÏãÇ íÊÍÏË ÔÎÕÇä¡ Úä ÔíÁ íÎÕ ØÑÝ ËÇáË (ãÄäË) ÝÅä Úáì ÇáãÊÍÏË Ãä íÓÊÎÏã (ÎÇÕÊåÇ…) Çæ ãáßíÊåÇ Ãæ (her…)¡ æåÐå ÇáßáãÉ íÌÈ Ãä ÊÑÊÈØ ÈßáãÉ ÃÎÑì áíßÊãá ãÚäÇåÇ¡ ßÃä äÞæá (æÇáÏåÇ) – (her father) Ãæ Ãä äÞæá (æÇáÏÊåÇ) – (her mother).

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    ÑÏ: ÞæÇÚÏ ÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ (ááãÈÊÏÆíä)

    16- ÇáÓÄÇá Úä ÔíÁ (ãÇ åæ) (ãÇ åÐÇ) : ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÓÃá Úä ÔÎÕ Ãæ Úä ÔíÁ¡ ÝÅä ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ ÇáÓÄÇá (what is…)¡ ÝÈÇáÅãßÇä ãËáÇð ÓÄÇá ÔÎÕ Úä ÇÓãå (ãÇ åæ ÇÓãß¿) – (What is your name.).
    áÇÍÙ Ãäå ÈÅãßÇäí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÈÏá (ÎÇÕÊß – your) (ÎÇÕÊå Ãæ ÎÇÕÊí Ãæ ÎÇÕÊåÇ – his, my, her).
    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÓÇá Úä ÔíÁ ãÌåæá ÝÃÞæá (ãÇ åæ – What is it)¡
    ßãÇ íãßääí Ãä ÃÓÇá Úä ÔíÁ ÃÔíÑ áå (ãÇ åÐÇ – What is this).


    17- ÕíÛÉ ÇáÇÓÊÝÓÇÑ (Ãåæ ¿ááÌãÇÏ)… ÃåÐÇ¿… Ãåæ¿ ááãÐßÑ)… Ãåí ¿ááãÄäË)… ÃÃäÊ…)¿ : ÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÇÓÊÝÓÑ Úä ÔíÁ ÈÕíÛÉ (Ãåæ…) ááÌãÇÏ Ãæ ÇáÍíæÇä¡ ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÇáÕíÛÉ (Is it…)¡ ááÇÓÊÝÓÇÑ¡
    ßÃä ÃÓÇá (Ãåæ ÏÑÌ¿ – (Is it a desk?
    Ãæ Ãä ÃÓÇá (Ãåæ ÐÑÇÚ¿ – (Is it an arm?.
    ßãÇ æíãßä Ãä äÓÊÝÓÑ Úä ÔíÁ äÔíÑ Åáíå ÈÇáÕíÛÉ (ÃåÐÇ… Is this…).
    ßãÇ æíãßä Ãä äÓÊÝÓÑ Úä ÔÎÕ ãÇ ÈÇáÕíÛÉ (Ãåæ… Is he…)¡
    æíãßä ÃíÖÇ Ãä äÓÊÝÓÑ Úä ÃäËì ÈÇáÕíÛÉ (Ãåí… Is she…)¡
    æíãßä ÃíÖÇ Ãä äÓÊÝÓÑ Úä ÇáãÎÇØÈ (ãÐßÑ æãÄäË) ÈÇÓÊÎÏÇã ÇáÕíÛÉ
    (ÃÃäÊ… Are you¿.


    18- ÇáÅÌÇÈÉ ÈäÚã Ãæ ÈáÇ (ááÌãÇÏ Ãæ ÇáÍíæÇä) : ÚäÏãÇ íÓÃáäí ÔÎÕ Úä ÔíÁ¡ æÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÌíÈ ÈÜ (äÚã¡ Åäå ßÐáß)¡ ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÇÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (Yes, it is.)¡ æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÌíÈ ÈÜ (áÇ¡ Åäå áíÓ ßÐáß)¡
    ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (No, it is not.)
    ßãÇ æíãßä Ãä ÃÝÓÑ (äÚã Åäå ßÐáß) æ (áÇ¡ Åäå áíÓ ßÐáß) ÃßËÑ ÈÃä ÃÓÊÎÏã äÝÓ ÇáßáãÉ ÇáÊí äÓÃá ÚäåÇ¡
    ÝÃÞæá ãËáÇð äÚã¡ Åäå Þáã ÑÕÇÕ – (Yes, it is a pencil¡
    æÃÞæá áÇ¡ Åäå áíÓ ãäÒá – (No, it is not a house.


    19- ÇáÅÌÇÈÉ ÈäÚã Ãæ ÈáÇ (ááãÐßÑ) : ÚäÏãÇ íÓÃáäí ÔÎÕ Úä ÔÎÕ ÂÎÑ ãÐßÑ¡ æÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÌíÈ ÈÜ (äÚã¡ åæ ßÐáß)¡ ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (Yes, he is.)¡ æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÌíÈ ÈÜ (áÇ¡ åæ áíÓ ßÐáß)¡
    ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (No, he is not.)¡
    ßãÇ æíãßä Ãä ÃÝÓÑ (äÚã åæ ßÐáß) æ(áÇ¡ åæ áíÓ ßÐáß) ÃßËÑ ÈÃä ÃÓÊÎÏã äÝÓ ÇáßáãÉ ÇáÊí äÓÃá ÚäåÇ¡
    ÝÃÞæá ãËáÇð äÚã¡ åæ ÔÑØí – (Yes, he is a policeman¡
    Ãæ ÃÞæá áÇ¡ Åäå áíÓ ãÏÑÓ. – (No, he is not a teacher.


    20- ÇáÅÌÇÈÉ ÈäÚã Ãæ ÈáÇ (ááãÄäË) : ÚäÏãÇ íÓÃáäí ÔÎÕ Úä ÔÎÕ ÂÎÑ ãÄäË¡ æÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÌíÈ ÈÜ (äÚã¡ åí ßÐáß)¡
    ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (Yes, she is.)¡
    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÌíÈ ÈÜ (áÇ¡ åí áíÓÊ ßÐáß)¡
    ÝÅä Úáí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (No, she is not¡
    ßãÇ æíãßä Ãä ÃÝÓÑ (äÚã åí ßÐáß) æ(áÇ¡ åí áíÓÊ ßÐáß) ÃßËÑ ÈÃä ÃÓÊÎÏã äÝÓ ÇáßáãÉ ÇáÊí äÓÃá ÚäåÇ¡
    ÝÃÞæá ãËáÇ äÚã¡ åí ãÚáãÉ – (Yes, she is a teacher¡
    Ãæ ÃÞæá áÇ¡
    (åí áíÓ ÔÑØíÉ –No, she is not a policewoman.

    21- ÊÛííÑ ÇáÃÓãÇÁ ÈÇáÃáæÇä: æÈÅãßÇäí ÊÛííÑ ÇáÇÓã Ýí ÇáÌãá ÈÇáÃáæÇä¡ ÝÚäÏãÇ ÃÞæá ãËáÇ ÅäåÇ (ÍÇÝáÉ – It is a bus¡) íãßääí Ãä ÃÛíÑ ÇáÇÓã (ÍÇÝáÉ) ÈÃÍÏ ÇáÃáæÇä¡ ÝÊÕÈÍ (ÅäåÇ ÍãÑÇÁ – It is red)¡ áÇÍÙ åäÇ Ãä ÇáÃáæÇä áÇ ÊÓÈÞ ÈÜ (a, an) Ýí Ííä Ãä ÍÇÝáÉ ÊÓÈÞ ÈÜ (a, an).
    æÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÊÏÑÌ ÈÇáÍÏíË æäÔíÑ Åáì ÔíÁ Ëã äÐßÑ áæäå ßÃä äÞæá (åÐå ÍÇÝáÉ) ÝÅääÇ äÊÈÚåÇ (ÅäåÇ ÍãÑÇÁ) æáÇ äÊÈÚåÇ ÈÜ (åÐå ÍãÑÇÁ)
    ÝÊÕÈÍ ÇáÌãáÉ (åÐå ÍÇÝáÉ¡ ÅäåÇ ÍãÑÇÁ – This is a bus. It is red..


    22- ÇáÕÝÇÊ : íãßä Ãä äÞæã ÈæÕÝ ÇÓã ãÚíä ÈÕÝÉ ãÚíäÉ
    ßÃä äÞæá (ÍÞíÈÉ ßÈíÑÉ) Ãæ Ãä äÞæá (ãÓØÑÉ ØæíáÉ)¡
    æÇáÕÝÇÊ ÇáÊí ÓäÊÚáãåÇ Ýí ÇáÕÝ ÇáÃæá åí : (ßÈíÑ : big)¡ (ÕÛíÑ : little)¡ (Øæíá (ááÌãÇÏ) : long)¡ (ÞÕíÑ (ááÌãÇÏ æááÅäÓÇä) : short)¡
    (ÓÇÎä : hot)¡ (ÈÇÑÏ : cold)¡ (æÓÎ : dirty)¡ (äÙíÝ : clean)¡
    (ÌíÏ : good)¡ (ÓíÆ : bad)¡ (Øæíá (ááÅäÓÇä) : tall)¡
    (ßÈíÑ ÈÇáÓä : old)¡ (Óãíä : fat) æÚäÏãÇ íßæä åÏÝäÇ åæ ÇáÊÑßíÒ Úáì ÅÙåÇÑ ÕÝÉ ÇáÔíÁ¡ ÝÅä ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÇáÕíÛÉ ÇáÊÇáíÉ
    (åÐå ÇáÍÞíÈÉ ßÈíÑÉ – This bag is big.)¡
    ßãÇ æíãßä Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÇáÕÝÉ ßÇÓÊÏÑÇß¡
    ßÃä äÞæá (åÐÇ ÍáíÈ¡ Åäå ÓÇÎä – This is milk. It is hot)¡ Ãæ Ãä äÞæá (åÐå ÈæÙÉ¡ ÅäåÇ ÈÇÑÏÉ – This is an ice-cream. It is cold.). æíãßä Ãä äÐßÑ ÇáÕÝÉ ãä ÛíÑ Ãä äÐßÑ ÇáãæÕæÝ ÅÐÇ ßÇä ÇáãæÕæÝ ãÚÑæÝ ÖãäíÇ¡ ÝÅÐÇ ßÇä ÔÎÕ ãÇ íÊÍÏË Úä ÎØ ÝíãÇ ÅÐÇ ßÇä Ìãíá Ãæ áÇ¡ íãßä ááÔÎÕ ÇáÂÎÑ Ãä íÞæá (Åäå ÌíÏ – This is good)¡
    Ãæ (Åäå ÓíÆ – This is bad) æåßÐÇ.


    23- ÇáãÈÇáÛÉ Ýí ÇáæÕÝ : ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÈÇáÛ ÈæÕÝ ÔíÁ ãÚíä¡ ÝÅääÇ äÓÊÎÏã ßáãÉ (ÌÏÇð – very) ÞÈá ÇáÕÝÉ¡ ßÃä äÞæá (ÓÇÎä ÌÏÇ – very hot)
    Ãæ (ÌíÏ ÌÏÇ – very good) Ãæ (ÓíÆ ÌÏÇð – very bad)
    Ãæ (åæ Øæíá ÌÏÇ – He is very tall.)¡
    Ãæ (ÞãíÕå äÙíÝ ÌÏÇ – His shirt is very clean.)¡ æåßÐÇ.


    24- ÃÝÚÇá ÃãÑ : ÇáÃÝÚÇá ÇáÊí ÓäÊÚáãåÇ Ýí ÇáÕÝ ÇáÃæá åí (ÇÝÊÍ : open)¡ (ÃÛáÞ : shut)¡ (ÞÝ (áÃÚáì) : stand up)¡
    (ÇÌáÓ (áÃÓÝá) : sit down)¡ (ÇãÓß : hold up)¡
    (ÃÔÑ Åáì : point to)¡ (ÃäÙÑ Åáì : look at)¡
    (ÃäÞÑ Úáì : knock on)¡ (ÊÚÇáì : come)¡ (ÇÐåÈ : go)¡
    (ÇÑÓã : draw)¡ (ÃßÊÈ : write)¡ (ÇãÔí : walk)¡ (ÃÑßÖ : run)¡ (ÇÞÑà : read)¡ (ÇÕÑÎ : shout)¡ (ÇáÚÈ : play)¡ (ÇÞÝÒ : jump)¡ (ÕÝÞ : clap)¡ (ÇÈßí : cry)¡ (Ûäíø : sing)¡ (ßõá : eat)¡
    (ÇÔÑÈ : drink).
    æÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äßæä ÌãáÉ ÈåÇ ÝÚá ÃãÑ (íßæä ÇáÝÇÚá ÖãíÑ ãÓÊÊÑ ÊÞÏíÑå ÇáãÎÇØÈ)¡
    æáÇ ÈÏ áäÇ ãä ÐßÑ ÇáãÝÚæá Èå¡ ÝäÞæá (ÃÝÊÍ ÇáäÇÝÐÉ) Ãæ (ÃÛáÞ ÇáÈÇÈ) Ãæ (ÇãÓß ÇáßÊÇÈ) Ãæ ÃÔÑ ááÍÇÆØ) Ãæ (ÃäÙÑ ááæÍ)¡
    æÚáíäÇ Ãä äãíÒ Èíä ÞæáäÇ (ÇÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÉ) æ (ÇÝÊÍ ÇáäÇÝÐÉ) ÍíË ÊÏá ÇáÃæáì Úáì ÃääÇ äØáÈ ÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÉ (ÃíÉ äÇÝÐÉ) ÃãÇ Ýí ÇáÌãáÉ ÇáËÇäíÉ ÝÇáäÇÝÐÉ ãÚÑæÝÉ æãÍÏÏÉ¡ ÝäÚÈÑ Úä ÇáÌãáÉ ÇáÃæáì (ÇÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÉ) ÈÞæáäÇ (Open a window.) Ãæ ÇáÌãáÉ ÇáËÇäíÉ (ÇÝÊÍ ÇáäÇÝÐÉ) ÝäÚÈÑ ÚäåÇ ÈÞæáäÇ (Open the window.)¡
    æÈäÝÓ ÇáãäØÞ íãßääÇ ÇáÞæá (ÇÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÊß – Open your window.)
    Ãæ (ÇÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÊí – Open my window.)
    Ãæ (ÇÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÊå – Open his window.)¡
    Ãæ (ÇÝÊÍ äÇÝÐÊåÇ – Open her window.) æåßÐÇ.
    æíãßä Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ßáãÉ (ÑÌÇÁð) ÞÈá Ãæ ÈÚÏ ÌãáÉ ÇáÃãÑ
    ÝäÞæá (Please open the window.)
    Ãæ äÞæá (Open the window, please.)¡ áÅÚØÇÁ ÔÚæÑ ÈÇááØÝ. æåäÇß Ìãá áÇ ÊÍÊÇÌ ãÝÚæá Èå ßÃä äÞæá (ÞÝ – Stand up)
    Ãæ ÇÌáÓ – Sit down).


    25- ÇáÃÝÚÇá ÇáãÖÇÑÚÉ ÇáãÓÊãÑÉ (ÇáÊí áÇ ÊÒÇá ÊÍÏË ÇáÂä) : ÊÊãíÒ ÇáÃÝÚÇá ÇáãÖÇÑÚÉ ÇáãÓÊãÑÉ ÈÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ ÈÃäåÇ ÊäÊåí ÈÜ (ing)¡
    ÝäÞæá (íÑÓã (æäÞÕÏ ÇáÂä) – drawing) áÇÍÙ Ãä ÇáÝÚá ÇáÃÕáí (íÑÓã (ÚÇÏÉ) – draw) ÃÖíÝ áå (ing) ÝÃÕÈÍ (íÑÓã (ÇáÂä) – drawing).
    æåäÇß ÈÚÖ ÇáÃÝÚÇá ÊÍÊÇÌ áÊÛííÑ ÈÓíØ ÚáíåÇ ÚäÏ ÅÖÇÝÉ (ing) ÚáíåÇ¡ ÝãËáÇð (write ÊÕÈÍ writing) ÈÍÐÝ ÍÑÝ (e) ãä ÂÎÑåÇ¡ æßáãÉ (run ÊÕÈÍ running) ÈÊßÑÇÑ ÍÑÝ (n) Ýí ÂÎÑåÇ¡ æßáãÉ (clap ÊÕÈÍ clapping) ÈÊßÑÇÑ ÍÑÝ (p) Ýí ÂÎÑåÇ¡ æßáãÉ (sit ÊÕÈÍ sitting) æßáãÉ (shut ÊÕÈÍ shutting) ÈÊßÑÇÑ ÍÑÝ (t) Ýí ÂÎÑåÇ¡
    æáÇ íÚäí åÐÇ Ãä ßá ÝÚá íäÊåí ÈÍÑÝ (t) íÌÈ Ãä äßÑÑå¡ ÝßáãÉ (point ÊÕÈÍ pointing) ÈÏæä ÊßÑÇÑ ÍÑÝ (t) Ýí ÂÎÑåÇ. æáßä Ðáß ÇáÊßÑÇÑ ÓÈÈå åæ Ãä ÇáÍÑÝ ÇáÇÎíÑ ÓÇßä æíÓÈÞå ÍÑÝ ãÊÍÑß
    æÈÇáÅãßÇä ÇÓÊÎÏÇã ÃÝÚÇá ÇáãÖÇÑÚ ÇáãÓÊãÑ ãÚ
    (I am, You are, He is, She is) ááÅÚáÇã¡
    æíãßä ÃíÖÇ ÇÓÊÎÏÇã (Am I, Are you, Is he, Is she) ááÇÓÊÚáÇã¡ ÝäÞæá ãËáÇ (Åäå íÑßÖ – He is running.)¡
    (åá åæ íÑßÖ – Is he running?


    26- ÇáãáßíÉ : ÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÞæá (ÃäÇ Ããáß (ãÚí))
    ÝÅä Úáíø Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (I have…)¡
    ÝäÞæá ãËáÇð (ÃäÇ Çãáß Þáã ÍÈÑ – (I have a pen.¡
    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá (ÃäÊ Êãáß (ãÚß) – ÓæÇÁð ááãÐßÑ Ãæ ááãÄäË)¡
    ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (You have…)¡
    ÝäÞæá ãËáÇð ãÚß Þáã ÑÕÇÕ – (You have a pencil¡
    æÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÞæá (åæ íãáß (ãÚå))¡ ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (He has…)¡ ÝäÞæá ãËáÇð (ãÚå ßÑÉ – (He has a ball¡
    æÚäÏãÇ äÑíÏ Ãä äÞæá (åí Êãáß (ãÚåÇ))¡
    ÚáíäÇ Ãä äÓÊÎÏã ÕíÛÉ (She has…)¡
    ÝäÞæá ãËáÇð ãÚåÇ áÚÈÉ – (She has a doll.


    27- æÇæ ÇáÚØÝ : ÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÚØÝ ßáãÉ Úáì ßáãÉ Ãæ ÌãáÉ Úáì ÌãáÉ áÃÔÑßåãÇ ÈäÝÓ ÇáãÚäì¡ ÝÅääí ÃÓÊÎÏã æÇæ ÇáÚØÝ¡ æÝí ÇááÛÉ ÇáÅäÌáíÒíÉ äÓÊÎÏã ÇáßáãÉ (and)¡ áÅÌÑÇÁ ÚãáíÉ ÇáÚØÝ¡
    ÝÈÏáÇ ãä Ãä ÃÞæá (I have a cat. I have a dog)¡
    íãßääí ÇáÞæá (I have a cat and a dog)¡
    æÈÏáÇ ãä Ãä ÃÞæá (He has a ball. He has a doll)
    íãßääí ÇáÞæá (He has a ball and a doll).


    28- ÔãÇá ¡ íãíä : ÃßËÑ ÇÓÊÎÏÇãÇÊ (ÔãÇá – left) æ (íãíä – right) ¡ ãÚ ßáãÉ (íÏ – hand)¡
    ÝÃÞæá íÏí ÇáíÓÑì – my left hand
    æÃÞæá íÏí Çáíãäì – my right hand)¡
    æÈÅãßÇäí Ãä ÃÓÊÎÏã ÍÑÝ ÇáÌÑ (Ýí – in) áÐßÑ ÔíÁ ãæÌæÏ Ýí íÏí¡
    ßÃä ÃÞæá
    ãÚí ßÊÇÈ Ýí íÏí ÇáíÓÑì – I have a book in my left hand¡
    Ãæ Ãä ÃÞæá
    (ãÚí ãÓØÑÉ Ýí íÏí Çáíãäì – I have a ruler in my right hand¡ æåßÐÇ.


    29- ÇáÚÇÆáÉ æÇáãÌÇæÑíä : ÃÝÑÇÏ ÇáÚÇÆáÉ ÚäÇÕÑ ãåãÉ Ýí ÇááÛÉ¡ æÃåã ÇáßáãÇÊ ÇáÊí ÓäÊÚáãåÇ Ýí ÇáÕÝ ÇáÃæá æÇáÎÇÕÉ ÈÇáÚÇÆáÉ æÇáãÌÇæÑíä áäÇ åí (ÃÈ : father)¡ (Ãã : mother)¡ (ÃÎ : brother)¡ (ÃÎÊ : sister)¡ (ÇÈä : son)¡ (ÇÈäÉ : daughter)¡ (ÕÏíÞ : friend)¡
    Ýíãßääí ÇáÞæá ãËáÇð
    áí ÃÎ æÃÎÊ – I have a brother and a sister¡
    æíãßä ÇáÞæá áí ÇÈä æÇÈäÉ – I have a son and a daughter


    30- ÅÍÏì æßá : ÚäÏãÇ ääÙÑ Åáì ãÌãæÚÉ ãä ÇáÃÔíÇÁ¡ æäÑíÏ Ãä äÊÍÏË Úä ÅÍÏÇåÇ ÈÃä äÞæá ãËáÇð ÅÍÏì ÇáÃáÚÇÈ ÕÛíÑÉ – One doll is small
    æÚäÏãÇ ÃÑíÏ Ãä ÃÞæá ÌãíÚ ÇáÃáÚÇÈ ÕÝÑÇæÇÊ – All dolls are yellows)¡ æåßÐÇ.

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